Intensive FarmingRSPCA REPORT ON "HOCK BURNS":
Also in England, two Cambridge University researchers studied more than 384 randomly selected retail packages containing the bodies of whole chickens, examining each for burns. The researchers found ammonia-related skin burns ("hock burns") on an alarming 82% of "conventionally raised" chickens sampled from eleven different supermarkets. They also found hock burns on 42% of organically raised chickens, despite claims from the industry that hock burns should be found on 15% or less of slaughtered birds.
The study was funded by the UK’s Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), which states that hock burn is "a painful condition caused by lying on wet floor litter with high levels of ammonia from the animals' feces." The RSPCA has also released a new report entitled "Paying the Price: The Truth about Chickens Reared for Their Meat," available for free download (see the first link below). The report provides a comprehensive overview of chicken welfare issues and highlights three key areas of concern:
1) Fast growth rates;
2) Inadequate lighting; and
3) "High stocking density."
The report goes into detail about the consequences of these concerns including lameness, metabolic disorders, skin diseases, heat stress, physical abnormalities, and other chicken welfare issues.
Lock up your chickens before plague comes home to roost
While many people concerned with the ethical treatment of farm animals prefer to purchase eggs laid by free-range hens, the keeping of poultry indoors could protect us from consuming harmful substances, e.g., dioxins, passed on to us in the eggs and meat from hens and chickens allowed to forage freely on contaminated soil. But it could also protect the hens and us from contracting fatal diseases spread by migratory wild birds arriving on our shores from Asia.
The avian influenza or "bird flu" epidemic has been recognised by leading health professionals and politicians as a grave global threat to public health and the world economy that requires bold global solutions. Prime Minister Howard, while attending the recently concluded UN 2005 Summit, where these matters were discussed, announced that Australia is joining the new International Partnership on Avian and Pandemic Influenza (IPAPI) and that we are stepping up our influenza and pandemic planning and response measures.
There is good reason to be concerned. A particularly infectious strain of the bird flu, Avian Influenza A (H5N1) virus, infecting many wild birds, has been found to be very contagious in domesticated birds, including chickens and ducks, and to kill them. This is a real threat to poultry industries worldwide. However, this strain is also infectious to humans that come in direct contact with diseased poultry. The most worrying discovery is that of the 120 people infected with the H5N1 virus strain, 50 per cent died. In comparison, the SARS-associated coronavirus that caused the 2003 global outbreak with 8000 people being hospitalised with severe infections of their respiratory tract killed less than 10 per cent of the people who contracted the disease.
The worst case scenario for the avian flu virus is that it mutates again and becomes airborne, leading to a global pandemic like the 1918 flu epidemic that killed 20 million people and affected 20 per cent of the world’s population to some extent. This extinct killer strain of influenza was described last year after some high technology molecular detective work: intact DNA of the extinct influenza virus, preserved by the permafrost of her burial ground, was isolated from lung tissue of an Inuit woman in Canada . The genes of the influenza strain isolated from her lungs were found to be of an avian origin but a critical gene of this strain had mutated to make the virus strain deadly to humans (Science. 2004 Mar 19;303(5665):1838-42).
The chance for the H5N1 strain mutating and becoming airborne increases every time it passes through another domestic bird or a human.
In response to this threat to the poultry industry and public health, farmers in Holland have recently been ordered by their government to keep all poultry indoors, thus in effect banning the production of free-range eggs (news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4172182.stm). Germany and other EU countries are considering similar measures.
Migratory birds are heading our way downunder after spending a hectic few months breeding and feeding their offspring in Siberia and South East Asia.
Australian state governments, in conjunction with the poultry industry, have stepped up their surveillance for the disease. In June, at a recent International Biotechnology Conference in Philadelphia researchers from the Victorian Department of Primary Industries described the development of a DNA test for bird influenza that cuts down the time for a result from three weeks to one day. Time is of the essence in preventing a large outbreak of a very contagious bird disease that could devastate our poultry industry.
However, to my knowledge no Australian government has considered following the proactive example set by European countries of banning chickens and hens from roaming around in the open. If there was an outbreak of avian flu among our free-range poultry due to infection spread by wild migratory birds, it is likely that they would have to be put down in their millions to prevent the further spread of the virus, as happened in Asian countries during recent outbreaks.
The more sinister side to the "bird flu", of course, being the increased risk for the avian virus to mutate and become airborne, potentially creating a pandemic more deadly than the 1918 killer flu.
It is time for Australians and Australian governments to carefully consider the potential unintended impact that "ethical" farming practices could have on the poultry industry, but more importantly on public health in light of the scientific evidence which underscores the grave threat posed by this spreading bird flu epidemic.
Rodger your scare mongering and lies to the Australian public to legalize cruelty will back fire.
For the publics information bird flu and all others virus comes FROM INTENSIVE FARMING <> Not Free range. How stupid do you think the public are?
I heard that the industry were going to try to pull this one over the Australian Peoples eyes to get the Animal Liberation and other groups off their back Also to control the industry buy shutting down free range.
How am i doing Rodger?
Hey you must have a leak in your system. EVERY BODY PLEASE DO A GOOGLE SEARCH
http://www.google.com.au/search?q=+disease+caused+through+animal+intensive+farms+.+indonesia+&hl=en&lr=&start=10&sa=N there are hundreds of such sites with experts saying that ALL diseases stems from the cruel intensive farming of ALL animals. I encourage people to read these sites before listening to Rodger. Nice try Rodger but you’re a jerk!
Wendy Lewthwaite People Against Live Exports and intensive farming.
bUY FREE RANGE ALL FARMS TO BE FREE RANGE SLAUGHTER HERE FOR JOBS FOR OZ
Foot and mouth disease
Egg-laying hens - Read the latest RSPCA report
a google search on diseases caused through animal intensive farms